More than 1 in 4 people across the world don’t get enough exercise, study says
TJ Mathewson | Tuesday, Oct. 30, 2018
More than a quarter of adults across the world don’t get a sufficient amount of exercise, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) study released in September. The study used data from 358 surveys across 168 countries and 1.9 million people.
To be exact, 27.5 percent, or nearly 1.4 billion adults as the study estimates, don’t get enough exercise on a week-to-week basis, which could lead to health problems related to inactivity down the road.
According to a CDC report released in June, sufficient amount of physical activity, including activity during free time, is 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise per week.
The difference in the number of people getting insufficient exercise between genders is notable. Over 8 percent separates the men (23.4 percent) and women (31.4 percent).
The numbers haven’t changed much since the data started being collected in 2001. The insufficient exercise percentage internationally in 2001 was 28.5 percent, just slightly greater than the 27.5 percent mark recorded in 2016.
The highest levels of inactivity in 2016 were reported in Latin America and the Caribbean (39.1 percent), high-income Western countries (36.8 percent), high-income Asian Pacific (35.7 percent) and southern Asia (33 percent). The lowest figures came in Oceania (16.3 percent), east and southeast Asia (17.3 percent) and sub-Saharan Africa (21.4 percent).
The health problems resulting from not getting enough exercise are well-documented and include numerous cardiovascular problems.
Different income levels also produced a major disparity in results. Low-income countries had 16.2 percent of their adults getting insufficient exercise compared to medium-income countries (26.0) and high-income countries (36.8).
According to the CDC report, only 22.9 percent of American adults ages 18-64 met both of the federal physical activity guidelines of exercising at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise, and do muscle-strengthening exercises twice a week.
The average of American adult men who met both guidelines was 27.2 percent while the women were at 18.7 percent.
TJ Mathewson is a junior journalism student at Arizona State University.